Flip the Classroom

With careful planning, innovative thinking, and access to quality resources, the traditional classroom can be flipped into a hands-on active learning environment that pushes student critical thinking to a higher level.

What Does It Mean to Flip the Classroom?

In a traditional classroom, students listen passively and simultaneously to a lecture and then complete related assignments on their own outside of class. 


The downside of this method is that all students must stay on the same pace during the live lecture with little time to pause and reflect. When challenged to engage with this material in an assignment at home, they often struggle without guidance from a peer or faculty member.

Flipping the classroom occurs when the delivery of traditional lecture material occurs outside of the classroom and the “hands-on doing” of projects and assignment occur in the classroom. 

The benefit of this method is that students are allowed time to pause and reflect on course content at their own pace prior to class and come prepared to engage with course content on a higher level with peers and faculty in class. 

By applying Bloom’s Revised Taxonomy, this means that students acquire general knowledge and understanding on their own time (low level of the pyramid) and utilize that new knowledge to analyze, evaluate, and create during class time (higher level of the pyramid). 

Amanda K. Giles, OTD, OTR/L

Assistant Professor

Division of Occupational Therapy

College of Health Professions

Medical University of South Carolina