How to use ICE Videos
in Case-Based Learning

Video clips can be viewed multiple times to illustrate different points.  It is fine to use the same clips or cases multiple times in multiple ways.  This models the cognitive process of reusing and revising cases, which is utilized in case-based learning.

Each case used as a learning tool should be:

  • Situated in authentic or realistic contexts
  • Relevant to learner needs and goals
  • Engaging or interesting to the learner
  • Rich in content, providing detail for learning
  • Challenging to the learner, with incremental complexity or difficulty
  • Instructional in purpose, allowing feedback for learner decisions
  • Facilitated by experts, who gradually decrease supports to learners (scaffolding)
  • Paired with learning strategies or activities and feedback systems
  • Inclusive of learner critical reflection

Outcomes of case-based learning include

  • Knowledge acquisition
  • Critical thinking
  • Problem-solving
  • Linking theory to practice
  • Learner engagement
  • Learner satisfaction


(Bagdasarov, et. al., 2012; Gillham, Tucker, Parker, Wright, & Kargillis, 2015; Gu & Guo, 2017; Jonassen & Hernandoz-Serrano, 2002; Kantar & Massouh, 2015; Kim, et al., 2006; Kolodner & Guzdial, 2000; Lopez, 2013; Nkhoma, et al., 2017; Thistlethwaite, et al., 2012).